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Offending by juveniles

Literature Review: Intersection of Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems

Youths involved in both the juvenile justice system (because of delinquent behavior) and the child welfare system (because of maltreatment ) are often referred to as “dual system” or “dually involved” youth. They share many of the same risk factors and other characteristics as youths involved in just one of these systems; however, this population tends to face a greater number of these risk factors, more complex risk factors, and fewer protective factors (Dierkhising et al., 2019; Herz, Ryan, and Bilchik, 2010; Kim et al., 2020; Lee and Villagrana, 2015).