The University of Rhode Island analyzed data that was collected from 2,053 adjudicated boys who were residents at Ocean Tides, Inc., between 1975 and 2015. The cross-sectional analysis compared results from 1975-2006 to 2007-2015 to assess changes in the program participants' characteristics and behaviors following statewide juvenile justice reforms that were implemented in 2006. Several specific indicators were studied to measure change, including:
- Program completion
- Violent behaviors
- Noncompliant behaviors
- Academic achievement
- Alcohol and drug use
- Cooperation with teachers, staff, counselors, and other residents
- Legal infractions (charges for new offenses).