The Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Program (ICAC program) helps state and local law enforcement agencies develop an effective response to technology-facilitated child sexual exploitation and Internet crimes against children. This help encompasses forensic and investigative components, training and technical assistance, victim services, and community education.
The ICAC program was developed in 1998, in response to an ever-increasing number of children and teenagers using the Internet, an ever-increasing number of online images depicting child sexual abuse, and an ever-increasing amount of online activity by people seeking to contact and exploit children and teens.
Since 1998, ICAC task forces—comprising 61 task forces of 5,230 federal, state, and local law enforcement and prosecutorial agencies throughout the 50 states—have reviewed 7 million reports of online child exploitation, resulting in the arrest of more than 134,000 people. ICACs have conducted nearly 194,000 presentations on Internet safety.
In fiscal year (FY) 2022, more than 850,028 law enforcement officers, prosecutors and other professionals have been trained on techniques to investigate and prosecute ICAC-related cases. Approximately 42,700 people attended these trainings, which provided a forum for information sharing and collaboration among federal state, Tribal, and local agencies to combat technology-facilitated crimes against children.
Programs and Funding
In FY 2023, funding for the ICAC program totaled $40.8 million to support ICAC task forces and training and technical assistance. ICAC Task Force Program funding is supported under the Missing and Exploited Children appropriation included in the Department of Justice fiscal year appropriation.
- Fiscal Year 2023—$40.8 million
- Fiscal Year 2022—$31.2 million
- Fiscal Year 2021—$34.68 million
- Fiscal Year 2020—$34.73 million
Training and Technical Assistance
The ICAC Training and Technical Assistance Program was established to provide ICAC task forces and their affiliates with the training and technical assistance they need to conduct effective investigations and prosecutions. Training providers include the following:
- SEARCH, the National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics, provides training related to social networking sites, peer to peer file sharing, wireless networks, and cell phone technology for law enforcement, prosecutors and allied professionals.
- The National White Collar Crime Center provides training for law enforcement, prosecutors, and other stakeholders in the ICAC program to improve investigative, prosecutorial, and forensic capabilities; create and distribute guidelines, best practices, and investigative methodologies; and coordinate meetings with grantees and practitioners.
- The Innocent Justice Foundation provides a comprehensive mental health and wellness program for ICAC task forces to address negative effects and trauma for individuals exposed to child sexual abuse images through their work.
- Fox Valley Technical College (FVTC) provides training focused on investigative techniques and best practices for undercover operations to combat Internet crimes against children and site-specific technical assistance to ICAC Task Forces.
- The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children® facilitates training to law enforcement; prosecutors; and criminal- and juvenile-justice, child-serving, and healthcare professionals on issues related to missing and exploited children.
Visit the ICAC Task Force Contact Information section of the ICAC Task Force Program website for state-specific contacts and websites.
AMBER Alert Field Guide for Law Enforcement Officers
May 2019. The purpose of this guide is to provide law enforcement officers with information that will enable them to avoid or mitigate critical “pitfalls” when working a child abduction case. 37 pages. NCJ 252795.
Protecting Children in Cyberspace: The ICAC Task Force Program
Bulletin, January 2002. Discusses efforts by OJJDP's Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Program that address emerging online threats, such as computer-facilitated sex crimes, directed at children and teenagers. 8 pages. NCJ 191213.
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Protecting Children Online: Using Research-Based Algorithms to Prioritize Law Enforcement Internet Investigations, Technical Report
OJJDP-Sponsored, May 2016. This project used data from 20 Internet Crimes Against Children task forces to develop empirically-based recommendations to assist law enforcement conducting Internet investigations. 54 pages. NCJ 250154.
Review of the Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Program: Interim Report to the Attorney General Fiscal Years 2010 and 2011
This interim report features data covering fiscal years 2010 and 2011 and is intended to provide a summary of the ICAC program’s statistical accomplishments. 76 pages.
National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction Report to Congress
August 2010. In complying with the provisions of the PROTECT Our Children Act of 2008, the U.S. Justice Department presents this second report to Congress on a National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction, which is the culmination of a year of discussions among members of an interagency working group convened by the National Coordinator for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction at the Justice Department. 166 pages.
Project Safe Childhood
Project Safe Childhood combats the proliferation of technology-facilitated sexual exploitation crimes against children.