The Formula Grants Program is authorized under the JJDP Act of 1974, as amended.
OJJDP's Formula Grants Program supports state and local delinquency prevention and intervention efforts, and juvenile justice systems improvements. Within the program purpose areas, states can provide job training, mental health and substance use treatment, community-based programs and services, reentry/aftercare services, and school programs to prevent truancy.
OJJDP provides funds directly to states to help them implement comprehensive juvenile justice plans based on the needs in their jurisdictions. Access the Title II Formula Grants Program fact sheet for an overview about the program.
Programs and Funding
Funding is available to states and territories and is based on the jurisdiction's share of the national youth population. Juvenile Justice Specialists in each state administer the funding through subgrants to units of local government, local private agencies, and Indian Tribes for programs in accordance with legislative requirements. Only state agencies, designated by the Governor, are eligible to apply. State Advisory Groups, comprised of members appointed by the governor, set priorities for funded activities. For further information about the availability and implementation of these grants, contact your state's Juvenile Justice Specialist.
OJJDP awarded more than $43.8 million in fiscal year (FY) 2022 Formula Grants to 46 states, the District of Columbia, and several U.S. territories. Between FY 2020 and FY 2022, OJJDP awarded more than $132.7 million to support state and community efforts to develop effective prevention and intervention programs and to improve juvenile justice systems.
- Fiscal Year 2022—$43.8 million
- Fiscal Year 2021—$44.5 million
- Fiscal Year 2020—$44.4 million
Details of funds awarded to the states through the formula grants program are accessible on the Distribution of Juvenile Justice Formula Grants by State page.
To be eligible to receive a formula grant under JJDPA's Title II, Part B Formula Grants Program, a state must (1) satisfy 33 statutory state plan requirements, (2) designate a state agency to prepare and administer the state's comprehensive three-year juvenile justice and delinquency prevention plan, (3) establish a State Advisory Group to provide policy direction and participate in the preparation and administration of the three-year-plan, and (4) commit to achieve and maintain compliance with the four core requirements of the JJDPA:
- deinstitutionalization of status offenders,
- separation of juveniles from adult inmates,
- removal of juveniles from adult jails and lockups, and
- addressing racial and ethnic disparities.
Participating states must submit an annual compliance report that includes data to demonstrate they have maintained or achieved compliance with the four Core Requirements. States must also submit an annual Racial and Ethnic Disparities core requirement plan that describes how the state will address racial and ethnic disparities.
You may also wish to review OJJDP's Core Requirements page, which outlines more details on the requirements with which participating states must comply.
Training and Technical Assistance
The Center for Coordinated Assistance to States provides resources and training and technical assistance to states and localities as they carry out delinquency prevention, intervention, and juvenile justice systems improvement projects.
OJJDP's State and Tribal Relations Assistance Division annual training conference helps participants enhance implementation of the Title II Formula Grants program and support compliance with the core requirements of the JJDPA.
Request Training and Technical Assistance
Additionally, training and technical assistance to states and local communities is available through the Title II Formula Grant Program. To request assistance, visit OJJDP's training and technical assistance (TTA) portal and access resources on the Training and Technical Assistance webpage.
Monthly Calls with Title II Grantees
Access summaries of monthly calls:
- November 13, 2019 SRAD Juvenile Justice Specialist Meeting Notes
- December 18, 2019 FY 2020 Title II Category 1 Call Summary
- January 8, 2020 SRAD DMC Call
- February 12, 2020 FY 2020 Title II Category 2 Call Summary
- March 11, 2020 Compliance Monitor Call Summary
- April 8, 2020 Racial and Ethnic Disparities (RED) Coordinators Call
- May 13, 2020 SRAD Juvenile Justice Specialist Meeting Summary
- June 10, 2020 Compliance Monitor Meeting Summary
- August 12, 2020 Juvenile Justice Specialist Meeting Summary
- August 26, 2020 State Advisory Group Members Call Summary
- December 9, 2020 Racial and Ethnic Disparities (RED) Coordinators Call
- January 27, 2021 State Advisory Group Members Call Summary
- February 10, 2021 Compliance Monitor Call Summary
- April 28, 2021 State Advisory Group Members Call Summary
- May 12, 2021 Compliance Monitor Call Summary
- June 16, 2021 Racial and Ethnic Disparities (RED) Coordinators Call
- July 28, 2021 State Advisory Group Members Call Summary
- September 8, 2021 Racial and Ethnic Disparities (RED) Coordinators Call
Formula Grant Program Areas
- FY 2023 Title II Program and Budget Areas
- FY 2022 Title II Program and Budget Areas
- FY 2021 Title II Program and Budget Areas
- FY 2020 Title II Program and Budget Areas
Frequently Asked Questions
Compliance Monitoring Manual
- Annotated Policies and Procedures Manual for Monitoring Compliance With Core Requirements of the Formula Grants Program
- Title II Formula Grants Program Performance Measures Definitions and Questions
- Video: Title II Performance Measures Training Webinar