In Fiscal Year (FY) 2015, the Juvenile Tribal Healing to Wellness Courts Program (JTHWC) was incorporated as Purpose Area 8 into the Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation (CTAS). The program has since been renamed the Youth Healing to Wellness Court Program (YHWCP).
The YHWCP works to develop and enhance the capacity of existing Tribal courts and their response to issues related to alcohol and substance use for youth age 21 and younger. This includes creating new courts.
Court program objectives include:
- Identifying the relevant data that is being collected on Tribal underage alcohol possession and consumption, and its related issues;
- Inventorying policies, procedures, assessment tools, and services that address youth under age 21 who possess or consume alcohol and suffer from alcohol-related issues;
- Determining gaps in such policies, procedures, assessment tools and services; and developing or enhancing the same.
Grantees may address gaps that may include:
- Culturally appropriate provisions for right to counsel for persons under age 21 who have alcohol-related issues;
- Judicial policies that work appropriately in Tribal justice systems to allow for delinquent charges/records to be expunged after completion of court-ordered action or programming.
Under the YHWCP, OJJDP has enhanced the capacity of Tribal courts to respond to alcohol and substance abuse challenges facing court-involved youth. These courts use culturally informed approaches to promote accountability, healing, and Tribal identity in youth younger than age 21.
Program funding allows grantees to develop or enhance an existing YHWCP in accordance with the OJJDP Juvenile Drug Treatment Court Guidelines and the Tribal Healing to Wellness Court 10 key components. In FY 2021, OJJDP funded 11 awards in the amount of $4,400,000. From FY 2016 to FY 2020, OJJDP funded 38 awards totaling $12,384,744 under the program.
Training and Technical Assistance
OJJDP's Tribal Youth Resource Center provides training and technical assistance to federally recognized Tribes, including evaluation, program implementation, support, strategic planning, trauma-informed care, and more.
- Tribal Healing to Wellness Court Virtual Enhancement Training – The Tribal Law and Policy Institute provides this online, national, Tribal-specific training for Tribal problem-solving courts.
- Tribal Youth Resource Center Archived Webinars
- OJJDP Tribal Healing to Wellness Performance Measures Training
- Tribal Law and Policy Institute – The institute provides TTA for Tribal entities in the lower 48 states.
- The Resource Basket – The program provides TTA to OJJDP Tribal grantees in Alaska. Its mission is to help rural communities support healthy, successful, and culturally connected Alaska Native youth.
- National Native Children's Trauma Center – The center provides specialized training in trauma-informed care.
OJJDP Intervention Division
- FindTreatment.gov – This resource from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration allows website visitors to search anonymously and confidentially for treatment for mental and substance use disorders.
- Wellness Court Resources – This resources page includes the Healing to Wellness Court Resource Series, Operations, Research, Planning, Data and Evaluations and more wellness courts topics.
Publications and News:
- Emphasis on Native Culture Distinguishes Tribal Juvenile Healing to Wellness Courts
- In Focus Fact Sheet: Tribal Youth Initiatives
- OJJDP Adds 12 States and Tribal Courts to Its Implementation Sites Project
- Performance Measures Data: Tribal Youth Program and Tribal Healing to Wellness
- Stakeholder's Corner: Supporting Tribal Juvenile Healing to Wellness Courts
- Tribal Healing to Wellness Court Publication Series
- Tribal Juvenile Healing to Wellness Court Tip Sheet: Consequences and Rewards
- Tribal Juvenile Healing to Wellness Court Handbook: Practical Planning and Supportive Tools