On any given day, there are more than 43,500 juvenile offenders in residential placement in this country. Most of these youth will eventually return home, and need assistance to do so successfully. Successful reentry is vital to increase public safety and reduce recidivism among moderate to high-risk youth after their release from a juvenile residential facility. That success requires developing and following a comprehensive plan with a detailed implementation schedule.
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) funds programs that help youth become productive, law-abiding members of their communities. OJJDP also funds services for youth who have been placed under community supervision. Commonly referred to as probation, juvenile justice agencies use community supervision to divert low-risk offenders from formal court processing. In fiscal year 2019, the Office awarded nearly $3 million to organizations that mentor youth who are on probation.
OJJDP's reentry and community supervision programs provide specialized services to youth and promote family engagement between incarcerated parents and their children -- when it is in the best interests of the children. The programs are part of a comprehensive approach to enhance public safety, ensure youth are held accountable when they offend, and empower all youth to live up to their potential.
Second Chance Act: Youth Offender Reentry Program
Through this program, OJJDP funds educational, vocational, and job placement services for youth while in confinement and following their release. The youth also receive substance abuse treatment, assistance locating housing, and help arranging mental and physical healthcare.
Second Chance Act: Addressing the Needs of Incarcerated Parents and Their Minor Children
OJJDP supports programs in correctional facilities that encourage family engagement between incarcerated parents and their minor children. The grants also fund reentry services for parents and programs that support positive youth development in children of incarcerated parents.
Between fiscal years 2017 and 2019, OJJDP awarded nearly $35 million to improve outcomes for youth who are transitioning back to their communities following out-of-home placement.
- Fiscal Year 2019 - $11.2 million
- Fiscal Year 2018 - $13.1 million
- Fiscal Year 2017 - $10.6 million
From the Field
"The OJJDP reentry grant has been instrumental in our efforts to reform our Children In Need of Services [program] process ... enabling us to identify and address the unique needs of this population before they become more deeply involved with the juvenile justice system ... [and] allowing us to bring highly skilled technical advisors and state-of-the-art analysis to bear on this project to better serve these vulnerable youth."
-Omotayo B. Alli, Chief Administrative Officer of Fulton County (Georgia) Juvenile Court, on reforming their Children In Need of Services process, which starts with a complaint being filed with the Georgia Department of Juvenile Justice about a child's behavior or conditions that result in the child experiencing serious difficulties.