In the United States, 1,510 residential placement facilities house approximately 37,529 youth adjudicated in the juvenile court. These facilities are responsible for safely detaining juvenile offenders and providing them with medical and mental healthcare, academic enrichment, vocational training, and life skills.
All juvenile justice facilities should be actively engaged in emergency planning to mitigate, respond to, and recover from natural, manmade, technological and public health emergencies. Funds provided by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to Tribal, state, and local juvenile residential facilities ensure that the facilities are prepared to continue operations, prioritize the safety and well-being of youth and staff, and reduce damage to the physical facility during and after an emergency.
Juvenile Justice Emergency Planning Demonstration Program
Funding through this program helps juvenile justice facilities implement the principles outlined in OJJDP's Emergency Planning for Juvenile Justice Residential Facilities. The comprehensive planning guide covers a range of topics including information sharing across agencies, evacuation procedures, alternate locations for housing youth, emergency staffing, internal and external communication procedures, and budgeting for emergency planning and response.
Grantees may use program funds for a variety of activities that include establishing a cross-sector team to design and implement the emergency plan, conducting vulnerability assessments, forming agreements with organizations and professionals (e.g., mental health practitioners) who can provide additional support during and after an emergency and purchasing equipment for use during an emergency.
By developing, implementing, and improving their emergency planning strategies and services, residential facilities can effectively respond to—and recover from—these incidents as they protect the youth in their care, keep families informed, support staff, and continue operations.
In fiscal year (FY) 2021, OJJDP issued three awards totaling nearly $300,000 to support emergency planning activities for state, tribal, and local juvenile justice facilities. Overall in FY 2020, OJJDP funding more than $19.5 million for juvenile justice system support.
- Fiscal Year 2021—$299,363
- Fiscal Year 2020—$436,414
- Fiscal Year 2019—$433,454
- Fiscal Year 2018—$415,822
- Fiscal Year 2017—$379,823
From the Field
A 2018 OJJDP award of more than $100,000 helped Kentucky address gaps in its emergency operations plan and improve the safety of youth and staff in seven detention centers. The centers are located in areas where weather-related emergencies are common.
The state also purchased a radio system that allows on- and offsite staff to be contacted immediately during an emergency. An upgrade to the facilities’ communication system allows it to connect directly to local, county, and state emergency systems.
Kentucky also used part of the funding to develop and add a trauma-response component to the centers' emergency training curriculums. By planning for youth’s trauma-induced reactions to emergency situations, staff will be better able to protect youth from—and guide them through—the physical, mental, and emotional effects of an emergency.
- Advancing the Collection of Juvenile Justice Data
- Highlights from the 2018 Juvenile Residential Facility Census
- In Focus Fact Sheet: Emergency Planning for Juvenile Justice Facilities
- Juvenile Justice Data Collection Through the Years
- Juveniles in Residential Placement, 2017 bulletin
- OJJDP 2020 Annual Report
- OJJDP COVID–19 Guidance: State Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facilities (May 2020)
Statistical Briefing Book