All OJJDP publications may be viewed and downloaded on the publications section of the OJJDP website.
This bulletin describes the latest trends in arrests involving juveniles (youth younger than age 18) from 1980 to 2019. These trends are based on analyses of data from the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program. In 2019, law enforcement agencies arrested an estimated 696,620 youth under age 18, the lowest number of arrests in 4 decades. Overall, juvenile arrests have been on the decline for more than two decades, but patterns vary by demographic group and offense. After increasing in recent years, the juvenile arrest rate for murder fell 6 percent in the past year, and the rates for robbery and aggravated assault reached a new low in 2019. Property crimes have declined in recent years, and by 2019, the juvenile arrest rates for larceny-theft, burglary, and arson were at their lowest levels since at least 1980, while the rate for motor vehicle theft was above its 2013 low point.
The Victims of Child Abuse (VOCA) Act Reauthorization Act of 2018 authorizes OJJDP to support children’s advocacy centers (CACs), programs, and training and technical assistance to connect children and families with professionals who respond to and help victims of child abuse heal. This report responds to the congressional reporting requirements of the VOCA Act, and provides an overview of OJJDP's five interconnected VOCA funding initiatives:
- CACs membership and accreditation
- Regional CACs
- Subgrants to local CACs, state chapters of CACs, and multidisciplinary teams
- Training and technical assistance for child abuse professionals
- Training and technical assistance for child abuse prosecutors
In fiscal year 2020, OJJDP awarded nearly $26 million to support these VOCA initiatives to improve the community response to child abuse.
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