U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Ten Steps for Implementing a Program of Controlled Substance Testing of Juveniles

NCJ Number
Date Published
Crowe, A. H., Sydney, L.
Intended as a companion to the JAIBG Bulletin, "Developing a Policy for Controlled Substance Testing of Juveniles" (See NCJ-178896), this Bulletin presents a detailed discussion of a 10-step process for developing and implementing a substance-testing program for juveniles.
Although the steps are presented independently, in practice they are likely to overlap, with final determinations about policies and procedures in one area contingent on decisions made at other points during the process. The first step is to involve key stakeholders, including agency personnel who will be administering the drug-testing program, other juvenile justice system stakeholders, and community representatives. Step two is to determine program purpose, which encompasses what is to be achieved by substance testing, how it will be done, who will be tested, who is responsible, when testing will occur, how results will be used, and what objectives are not to be pursued through the program. Step three involves the investigation of legal issues, notably authority to test, testing preadjudicated youth, voluntary testing, constitutional issues regarding testing, challenges to drug testing, and confidentiality. Other steps explained are to identify youth to be tested; select the testing methodology; decide how to use test results and arrange for adequate and appropriate treatment; develop written policies and procedures; obtain funding; develop staff; and evaluate the program. 33 references and 19 suggested readings
Date Created: August 13, 2014