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OJJDP Journal of Juvenile Justice, Volume 5, Issue 2, Fall 2016

NCJ Number
251065
Date Published
Author(s)
OJJDP-Sponsored
Annotation
The articles in this issue examine the variables associated with involvement in the juvenile justice system and juvenile recidivism, reasons for the turnover rate of correctional officers in juvenile correctional facilities, reasons for trauma patterns among justice-involved youth, research and testing associated with disproportionate minority contact (DMC) in the juvenile justice system, a comparison of masculine beliefs of juvenile sex abusers and other juvenile offenders, and a comparison of male and female juveniles placed in home-based treatment.
Abstract
An evaluation of reentry services for juveniles under the Second Chance Act Juvenile Reentry funding found that specialized reentry services that incorporated case management and assessment of substance use and functional ability were more effective than basic reentry services. An evaluation of the Fast Accountability Skills Training (FAST) program found that two sessions of accountability skill development for juvenile probation violators instead of a formal hearing and a stay in detention did not reduce recidivism or future probation violations. Evaluators suggest that an increase in the number of sessions may be more effective. A Louisiana study of 615,515 public school students found that major predictors of juvenile-justice contact were school expulsion, male gender, grade failure, and prior contact with the Louisiana Office of Juvenile Justice. Findings are presented on causes of the 20-percent turnover rate among correctional officers in juvenile correctional facilities; distinctive patterns of trauma and adversity among justice-involved youth; an examination of research and testing of DMC prevention, decision-making, and treatment services; a comparison of masculine beliefs held by incarcerated sex abusers and juveniles incarcerated for other offenses; and a An evaluation of reentry services for juveniles under the Second Chance Act Juvenile Reentry funding found that specialized reentry services that incorporated case management and assessment of substance use and functional ability were more effective than basic reentry services. An evaluation of the Fast Accountability Skills Training (FAST) program found that two sessions of accountability skill development for juvenile probation violators instead of a formal hearing and a stay in detention did not reduce recidivism or future probation violations. Evaluators suggest that an increase in the number of sessions may be more effective. A Louisiana study of 615,515 public school students found that major predictors of juvenile-justice contact were school expulsion, male gender, grade failure, and prior contact with the Louisiana Office of Juvenile Justice. Findings are presented on causes of the 20-percent turnover rate among correctional officers in juvenile correctional facilities; distinctive patterns of trauma and adversity among justice-involved youth; an examination of research and testing of DMC prevention, decision-making, and treatment services; a comparison of masculine beliefs held by incarcerated sex abusers and juveniles incarcerated for other offenses; and a comparison of the mental and behavioral health profiles of male and female adolescents placed in intensive, home-based treatment. Comparison of the mental and behavioral health profiles of male and female adolescents placed in intensive, home-based treatment.
Date Created: October 17, 2017