In particular, having an older person to talk to and spend
time with, someone who can provide encouragement and friendship,
may mean the difference between dropping out of school and
graduating or between getting involved with drugs and developing
the strength and self-confidence to resist such pressures. Young
people involved in mentoring programs are less likely to
experiment with drugs, to be physically aggressive, and to skip
school than those not involved in these programs. An effective
mentoring program requires training for potential mentors,
careful matching of mentors and those being mentored, and ongoing
support to maintain and improve the mentoring relationship.
Specific guidelines and procedures for mentors are detailed to
ensure the mentoring process is sustained and successful and to
overcome some of the challenges associated with mentoring
programs. Benefits of mentoring programs and ways in which such
programs can be evaluated are also considered.