This Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) Fact Sheet examines trends in the residential placement of juvenile offenders.
OJJDP's National Juvenile Justice Data Collection Program monitors trends in the residential placement of juvenile offenders. Findings indicate that the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement in publicly and privately operated juvenile facilities has declined steadily since 2000. In 2008, fewer than 81,000 juvenile offenders were housed. This is the fewest juvenile offenders counted in a national census of juvenile facilities since 1993. The Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) provides detailed information on all juveniles in residential facilities in the United States, including gender, birth date, race and/or ethnicity, most serious offense, State where the offense occurred, whether the juvenile was being held pre- or postadjudication, and admission date. In 2000, OJJDP launched the Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) as a companion to CJRP. JRFC also collected a 1-day count of the placement population but focused on facilities, including facility ownership, operation, services, security, crowding, and injuries and deaths in custody. The facilities included in these two data collections represent a wide range of facility types: secure and nonsecure; public (State or local), private, and Tribal; and long- and short-term holding.