The first article, “The Changing Nature of Juvenile Offenders,” considers current and future characteristics of juvenile offenders, with scenarios for the year 2010. The focus is on serious and violent juvenile offenders, new challenges posed by girls in the juvenile justice system, programming for younger populations in juvenile detention and corrections, and the challenge to juvenile detention and corrections posed by juvenile gangs. The second article, “Getting Tough on Juvenile Crime: A Paradigm Shift for Juvenile Justice?” addresses changing State and local legislation regarding the management and processing of juvenile offenders, as well as Federal juvenile justice legislation; responses of three States to new juvenile justice legislation (Florida, Massachusetts, and Oregon); whether processing juveniles in criminal courts is an improvement over the juvenile justice system; restorative justice from probation to reintegration; and innovative initiatives by U.S. attorneys in addressing gangs, guns, and drugs. The third paper, “Community Responses to Juvenile Crime,” considers the trend toward community-based efforts to address crime in schools and the prevalence of juvenile gangs with guns. The fourth paper, “Intervention and Juvenile Justice System Responses,” considers a number of innovative intervention programs in juvenile justice, including two promoted by the U.S. Justice Department’s Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The fifth paper, “Tools for the Juvenile Justice Professional,” discusses juvenile justice data, policy boards, building public support, records confidentiality, and research and evaluation. Various issues in “Delinquency Prevention” are discussed in the sixth paper. The seventh paper presents an overview of the plenary sessions.