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Model Programs Guide Literature Review: Substance Use Prevention Programs

Youth substance use prevention programs aim to promote abstinence from alcohol and illicit drugs and the misuse of over-the-counter drugs. They differ from treatment programs, which focus on youths who have been clinically diagnosed with a substance abuse problem. A variety of approaches have been developed that work with families, schools, and communities to help children and adolescents develop skills and approaches to prevent or...

Literature Review: Hate Crimes and Youth

In the United States, hate crimes are complex and often underreported crimes (Levin et al., 2007; Kena and Thompson, 2021; Pezella, Fetzer, and Keller, 2019). For a crime to be considered a hate crime there must be a motivation (in part or in whole) to commit the crime based on a bias against a particular social group of people. The bias may be based on race...

Literature Review: Racial and Ethnic Disparity in Juvenile Justice Processing

Data have shown that youths of color are more likely than white youths to be arrested and subsequently go deeper into the juvenile justice system (e.g., Puzzanchera, 2021; Puzzanchera and Hockenberry, 2013; Sickmund et al., 2021; Sickmund, Sladky, and Kang, 2021). Researchers have examined the contributing factors to these racial and ethnic disparities for decades, often testing hypotheses and theoretical frameworks related to differential offending...

OJJDP Bulletin Examines Juvenile Violent Victimization

JUVJUST - Juvenile Violent Victimization, 1995-2018

OJJDP has released "Juvenile Violent Victimization, 1995-2018." The bulletin examines findings from the OJJDP-funded analysis of data on both juvenile victims and victimization. Findings presented in this bulletin show that overall the rate of violent victimization for juveniles has declined since 1995 but did not change from 2015 to 2018.

This bulletin uses three data sources to examine juvenile violent victimization from 1995 to 2018...