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Model Programs Guide Literature Review: Community Awareness/Mobilization

NCJ Number
Date Published
6 pages
Based on a literature review, this paper identifies and discusses model programs for mobilizing a community to develop and reform community features that will prevent and counter juvenile delinquency and crime.
The purpose of "community mobilization" is "to facilitate change within the community to alter the basic patterns of social interaction, values, customs, and institutions in ways that will significantly improve the quality of life in a community." One of the traditional community-based strategies for combating delinquency is the formation of local partnerships, coordinating councils, and steering committees. Such leadership entities are composed of representatives of criminal justice and community organizations that have missions and resources needed to counter criminogenic community influences and develop and impart norms of positive social interaction and behavior. One proven effort in this regard involves community-based action designed to change policies and laws governing the sale and use of alcohol, cigarettes, and firearms. The theory driving these policies is that making it more difficult to obtain these products will reduce the harms they cause. Another proven strategy for preventing and countering delinquent and criminal behaviors is to launch regular media campaigns designed to change public attitudes and community standards that facilitate delinquent and criminal behaviors. Civil remedies have also proven effective in preventing and reducing criminal behavior and incivilities. Civil remedies generally focus on persuading landlord and property owners to take action to prevent criminal behavior through the use of code enforcement, neighborhood cleanups, and the enforcement of nuisance and drug abatement statutes. 32 references

Date Published: January 1, 2009