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Associations of Father's Lifetime Cannabis Use Disorder With Childs Initiation of Cannabis Use, Alcohol Use, and Sexual Intercourse by Child Gender

NCJ Number
Substance Use and Misuse Volume: 53 Issue: 14 Dated: 2018 Pages: 2330-2338
Date Published
9 pages
This study examined the associations of fathers lifetime cannabis use disorder with their children's initiation of cannabis use, alcohol use, and sexual intercourse, and the child's gender was considered as a moderator of each association.
The early initiation of alcohol use, cannabis use, and sexual intercourse among adolescents is an important public health concern in the United States. Parents history of substance use disorder is an important contributing factor for children's problem behaviors. The current study used data from two companion longitudinal studies, the Rochester Youth Developmental Study and its intergenerational extension, the Rochester Intergenerational Study. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to examine the associations of the fathers lifetime cannabis use disorder with the child's initiation of cannabis use, alcohol use, and sexual intercourse. To test gender differences in the associations, the study sample was stratified by child's gender. The average age of first cannabis use, alcohol use, and sexual intercourse among daughters of fathers with a lifetime cannabis use disorder was lower than that of their counterparts after adjusting for all other control variables; whereas, no significant differences were detected in a father-son relationship. Homotypic continuity of cannabis use, as well as heterotypic continuity from the fathers cannabis use to the child's alcohol use and sexual intercourse existed in a father-daughter relationship. These findings suggest that family-based interventions for female adolescents whose father has suffered from a cannabis use disorder be developed to prevent better adolescents early substance use and sexual intercourse. (publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: January 1, 2018