Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2011, $422,906)
The Second Chance Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 110-199) provides a comprehensive response to the increasing number of incarcerated adults and juveniles who are released from prison, jail, and juvenile residential facilities and are returning to their communities. Approximately 100,000 youthful offenders are confined in juvenile residential facilities on any given day. The FY 2011 Second Chance Act Juvenile Offender Reentry Program helps ensure that the transition the youth make from secure confinement facilities to the community is successful and promotes public safety. A secure confinement facility may include a juvenile detention center, juvenile correctional facility, or staff-secure facility. Eligible juveniles must have been confined under juvenile court jurisdiction. This program is authorized by the Second Chance Act, Pub. L. 110-199, (42 U.S.C. § 3797w). The Second Chance Act authorizes grants to states, territories, units of local government and federally-recognized Indian tribal governments for demonstration projects to promote the safe and successful reintegration into the community of individuals who have been incarcerated or detained.
Macon County's target population consists of juveniles incarcerated in a juvenile detention facility for serious and violent crimes who are at high risk of committing additional serious and violent offenses. They tend to be 14-16 years of age, disproportionately male (83%) and disproportionately African American (69%). This project will serve 40-50 at any point in time and 100 in the year. The project will focus on higher-risk offenders. The Youth Assessment and Screening Instrument (YASI)will identify higher-risk offenders who are most in need of interventions.
All efforts in this project are directed at reducing recidivism among high-risk offenders. Because it identifies and quantifies ten domains of criminogenic risk, the YASI will guide case planning. The project will focus strongly on those needs that are associated with recidivism.