Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2009, $574,100)
The Juvenile Accountability Block Grant Program (JABG) Program is authorized under the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 2002 (42 U.S.C. 376ee). The goal of the JABG program is to reduce juvenile offending through accountability-based programs focused on both the juvenile offender and the juvenile justice system. The objective is to ensure that States and Territories are addressing the specified program purpose areas and receiving information on best practices from OJJDP. JABG funds are allocated to States and Territories based on each State's relative population of youth under the age of 18. The underlying premise of juvenile accountability programming is that young people who violate the law should be held accountable for their actions through the swift, consistent application of graduated sanctions that are proportionate to the offense, both as a matter of basic justice and as a way to combat juvenile delinquency, and improve the quality of life in the nation's communities.
The State of Iowa is a waiver state and is requesting that 81% of the 75% pass through requirement be waived. The remaining 19% of the pass-through portion will be made available to eligible units of local government. The following program areas will be funded:
Purpose Area #11 - to establish and maintain accountability-based programs; #6 ' to train law enforcement and other court personnel with respect to preventing and controlling juvenile crime; #10 ' to establish and maintain interagency information sharing programs; #12 ' to establish and maintain programs to conduct risk and needs assessments to facilitate effective early intervention and the provision of comprehensive services to juvenile offenders; #13 ' to establish and maintain accountability based programs designed to enhance school safety; and #15 ' to establish and maintain programs to enable juvenile courts and juvenile probation officers to hold juvenile offenders accountable.
In addition, the State portion of the funds and the interest it accrues will be combined with other Federal juvenile justice funds and will be allocated to the juvenile court services offices in each of the State's eight judicial districts to fund priority areas as determined by each district.