This awardee has received supplemental funding. This award detail page includes information about both the original award and supplemental awards.
Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2004, $1,800,000)
Project Summary for 2002-JN-FX-K002
Many current approaches to youth violence prevention are guided by a risk resilience model that emphasizes the reduction of empirically derived risk factors. From this risk-resilience perspective, interventions take into account the determinative roles of violence exposure, alcohol use, access to weapons, poverty, limited adult supervision, and the absence of job opportunities. In contrast, an asset-based model for violence prevention promotes the development of personal and social resources that buffer against the influence of common risk factors. The Fuller Theological Seminary approach to youth violence prevention uses strengths of both these models. The proposed project features interlocking elements, conducted over a three year timetable, designed to advance scientific knowledge and increase utilization of "best practices" of violence prevention for at-risk children and adolescents. To accomplish these objectives, the applicant will conduct three related program aspects: (1) a two-phased plan of original research for advancing scientific knowledge about personal assets found among exemplary resilient youth, as well as new risk factors, such as the recent rise of youth gambling; (2) a program evaluation component that will identify "best practices" within agencies serving youth for prevention of violence, and obstacles to implementing these practices; and (3) professional conferences for disseminating project findings among those who work for violence prevention with at-risk youth.
This project is an extension of a previous program examining a positive youth development approach to violence prevention. The program explores how personal and social resources reduce the likelihood of youth violence by providing a buffer from precipitants of violence and providing a catalyst for thriving behavior. This project extends the initial study by testing these assumptions in two areas of Los Angeles that vary in demographic characteristics, yet share high rates of juvenile violence. This survey of 1000 youth will inform community leaders and the public about the role of developmental resources in promoting positive development and violence prevention. Four program evaluations of local violence prevention efforts will be conducted to assess the use of best practice strategies for violence prevention and positive youth development. This part of the project will provide evaluation reports and an assessment strategy for each program. Finally, forty youth, nominated as exemplary outcomes of these programs, will be studied to assess the importance of best practice strategies and developmental resources to program effectiveness. The project will inform prevention practices by extending empirical support for positive youth development strategies in violence prevention through the compilation of findings collected from diverse community settings. NCA/NCF