Shay Bilchik, Administrator July 1999

Reintegration, Supervised Release, and Intensive Aftercare


Reintegrative Confinement and Intensive Aftercare

The IAP Model
Recent Juvenile Aftercare Initiatives

Comparative Analysis of the Five Aftercare Projects

Commentary: The Effectiveness of Aftercare Programs -- Examining the Evidence

Crime Prevention and What Works

Corrections Rehabilitation and Treatment
Treatment Programs for Juvenile Delinquents
Examining the Research on Juvenile Programs



For Further Information


From the Administrator

If we are to succeed in our efforts to combat juvenile delinquency and recidivism, it is not sufficient to know what works, or even to implement programs based on that knowledge. We need to ensure that the juvenile justice system conducts comprehensive front-end assessments of court-involved youth, encompasses a system of immediate and intermediate sanctions, and provides both nonsecure and secure community-based programs and facilities.

We must not stop there, however, because the juvenile offenders currently placed in secure confinement will one day return to the community. Hence, aftercare is essential for youth released from residential programs.

This Bulletin describes an intensive juvenile aftercare model developed from a long-term OJJDP research initiative and compares it with other approaches. An analysis of intensive aftercare programs is also offered in light of the publication of the University of Maryland report, Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn't, What's Promising.

This analysis helps us to understand what works -- and what does not -- in reintegrating juvenile offenders into their communities. More needs to be determined, but this Bulletin is a first step toward accomplishing that crucial goal.

Shay Bilchik


Points of view or opinions expressed in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of OJJDP or the U.S. Department of Justice.

The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office for Victims of Crime.

NCJ 175715